Diversifying Your Portfolio: A Beginner’s Guide to Investing in Commodities


Investing in commodities can be a great way to diversify your investment portfolio. Unlike traditional stocks and bonds, commodities are physical assets that can offer unique benefits, such as hedging against inflation and providing diversification benefits. In this beginner’s guide, we will provide an overview of how to invest in commodities and the different options available to investors.

What are Commodities?

Commodities are physical goods that are traded on an exchange. They include raw materials like agricultural products, energy products like crude oil and natural gas, metals like gold and silver, and more exotic products like carbon credits and weather derivatives. Check more on the commodity trading app.

Benefits of Investing in Commodities

One of the main benefits of investing in commodities is their low correlation to traditional stocks and bonds. This low correlation makes them an attractive option for diversifying a portfolio. In addition, commodities can provide inflation protection since commodity prices often rise with inflation.

Commodities can also provide a hedge against geopolitical risks, such as wars and revolutions. For example, if there is a war that disrupts oil supplies, oil prices may rise, benefiting investors in the commodity. Check more on the commodity trading app.

How to Invest in Commodities?

There are several ways to invest in commodities. The most common ways are:

Direct investment in physical commodities

Investors can purchase physical commodities such as gold coins, silver bars, or crude oil in bulk through brokers or dealers. This option carries some unique risks, such as storage and insurance costs.

Futures contracts

Futures contracts are agreements to buy or sell a specific quantity of a commodity at a certain price on a future date. This is a way for investors to speculate on the price of a commodity. However, futures contracts are typically used by experienced traders, as they carry significant risks.

Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs)

Commodity ETFs are funds that pool investors’ money to buy a basket of commodities. This can provide diversification benefits, and some ETFs are designed to track the performance of an entire commodity market. However, commodity ETFs can also carry risks and don’t provide a direct exposure to the commodity. Check more on the commodity trading app.

Mutual Funds

Mutual funds are another way to invest in commodities. Unlike ETFs, mutual funds are actively managed by professional fund managers who aim to outperform the market. However, mutual funds can carry higher fees than ETFs, which can eat into investment returns.


Options are another way to invest in commodities. Options contracts give investors the right, but not the obligation, to buy or sell a specific commodity at a certain price before a specific date. This option can be a useful tool for managing risk, but like futures contracts, they are typically used by experienced traders. Check more on the commodity trading app.

Risks of Investing in Commodities

Investing in commodities is not without risks. Commodities are subject to supply and demand pressures, which can cause price volatility. In addition, commodities are often highly affected by geopolitical risks, such as wars or political instability, causing sharp price movements that can result in significant losses if investors are not careful.